Fraud Blocker
Primary Care Centers of Texas Logo

Walk-ins Welcome!

Call Us

(832) 695-9400


(888) 720-2860


Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes: Understanding the Differences

In this blog post, we will delve into the key differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, two of the most common forms of this condition. Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar. It can be caused by an imbalance of hormones insulin and glucagon, which are responsible for regulating how much glucose (sugar) is in the bloodstream. The three main types are type 1, type 2, and gestational. 

Table of Contents

Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes: Understanding the Differences

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 is an autoimmune disorder where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This leads to a lack of insulin production, which means that glucose cannot enter the cells for energy and instead builds up in the bloodstream. People with type 1 need to take insulin injections or use an insulin pump to control their blood sugar levels.

Key Characteristics of Type 1 Diabetes:

  • Often diagnosed in childhood or adolescence
  • Requires lifelong insulin therapy
  • Autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing cells
  • Unrelated to lifestyle factors
At Primary Care Centers of Texas, our dedicated healthcare team provides comprehensive care for individuals living with Type 1 Diabetes, including personalized treatment plans and ongoing support for managing this lifelong condition.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 is a metabolic disorder where the body cannot properly use and respond to the hormone insulin. Insulin resistance means that glucose remains in the bloodstream instead of entering cells, causing high blood sugar. Many people with type 2 are able to manage their condition through lifestyle changes such as healthy eating, regular exercise, and weight management. However, some may need to take oral medications or insulin to control their blood sugar levels.

Key Characteristics of Type 2 Diabetes:

  • Most common type of diabetes
  • Often diagnosed in adulthood
  • Strongly linked to obesity and lifestyle factors
  • Management may include lifestyle changes, oral medications, and/or insulin

Our healthcare professionals at Primary Care Centers of Texas are skilled in guiding patients through the complexities of Type 2 Diabetes management, with a focus on lifestyle modification, medication management, and patient education.

Person using a blood glucose meter to check their blood sugar levels.

Comparing Type 1 and Type 2

Here, we’ll break down the fundamental differences between these two forms of diabetes:

  • Onset: Type 1 often begins in childhood, whereas Type 2 usually develops in adulthood.
  • Cause: Type 1 is an autoimmune condition; Type 2 is largely associated with lifestyle.
  • Treatment: Insulin is essential for Type 1 management, while Type 2 may be managed with lifestyle changes and/or medications.
  • Prevalence: Type 2 is more common, making up about 90-95% of all diabetes cases.

Managing Diabetes with Primary Care Centers of Texas

Living with diabetes requires a partnership with a healthcare team that understands your unique needs. Whether you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, our team at Primary Care Centers of Texas is here to support you every step of the way.

We offer comprehensive services for diabetes patients, including:

  • Regular blood glucose monitoring
  • Medication management
  • Personalized nutrition planning
  • Exercise and lifestyle counseling
  • Ongoing education to help you take charge of your health

Your health is our mission. Contact us to schedule your diabetes care consultation!

Ranga Kattegummula, MD

Written by:

Ranga Kattegummula, MD

Dr. Ranga Kattegummula is board certified in Internal Medicine and has been providing comprehensive medical care to his patients for more than two decades. He is an ardent believer of an integrated approach to health and wellness; furthermore, Dr. Kattegummula believes in proactively managing one’s wellbeing, not just preventing or treating an illness.

Tag Post :
Share This :

Contact Us

Let's Get In Touch

To schedule an appointment with Primary Care Centers of Texas, please visit our locations page to contact the clinic closest to you. We look forward to serving you and helping you maintain your health and well-being.

Primary Care Centers of Texas