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Recognizing Hypertension Symptoms: What You Should Know

Left untreated, hypertension can lead to a reduced life expectancy due to the health complications it can cause. Hypertension is serious because it increases the risk of stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular diseases. It can also damage arteries which could lead to aneurysms, kidney failure, vision loss, and peripheral artery disease. People left untreated are at a greater risk for developing chronic illnesses like diabetes, high cholesterol, and metabolic syndrome. In addition, it can cause organ damage to the brain, heart, kidneys, and liver.

Table of Contents

Recognizing Hypertension Symptoms: What You Should Know

What Increases Your Risk for Developing Hypertension?

Lifestyle changes can have a dramatic effect on your blood pressure. For example, eating healthier foods, exercising regularly, and limiting alcohol and caffeine consumption will all help lower your risk of developing hypertension. Additionally, quitting smoking is an important step in protecting heart health. Factors responsible for contributing to hypertension can include:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Consuming too much salt
  • Getting too little dietary potassium
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Chronic stress
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • The Silent Danger of Hypertension
A medical professional measuring a patient's blood pressure with a sphygmomanometer in a clinical setting.
High blood pressure (hypertension) can quietly damage the body for years before symptoms develop. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to disability, a poor quality of life, or even a deadly heart attack or stroke.

How Can Hypertension Be Treated?

Hypertension can be treated with lifestyle changes, medications, or a combination of both. 

Lifestyle changes that can help lower blood pressure include:

  • Reducing sodium intake
  • Increasing physical activity and exercise
  • Quitting smoking
  • Limiting alcohol consumption
  • Consuming a healthy diet that is low in saturated fat
Person using a blood glucose meter to check their blood sugar levels.

Medications such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, calcium channel blockers, diuretics, and beta-blockers can be used to control hypertension. Combining lifestyle changes with medication is often the most effective way of treating high blood pressure. It is important to remember that each individual’s treatment plan should be tailored according to their specific needs and goals. Additionally, regular check-ups and high blood pressure monitoring are important so that any changes can be detected and necessary action taken.

Book an appointment with our healthcare professionals at Primary Care Centers of Texas to discuss a hypertension management plan that’s right for you. 

Ranga Kattegummula, MD

Written by:

Ranga Kattegummula, MD

Dr. Ranga Kattegummula is board certified in Internal Medicine and has been providing comprehensive medical care to his patients for more than two decades. He is an ardent believer of an integrated approach to health and wellness; furthermore, Dr. Kattegummula believes in proactively managing one’s wellbeing, not just preventing or treating an illness.

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